Identifying factors that predict the choice and success rate of radial artery catheterisation in contemporary real world cardiology practice : a sub-analysis of the PREVAIL study data.

Pristipino C, Roncella A, Trani C, Nazzaro MS et al.,San Filippo Neri Hospital, Rome, Italy.

AIMS : To assess: the reasons behind an operator choosing to perform radial artery catheterisation (RAC) as against femoral arterial catheterisation, and to explore why RAC may fail in the real world.

METHODS AND RESULTS: A pre-determined analysis of PREVAIL study database was performed. Relevant data were collected in a prospective, observational survey of 1,052 consecutive patients undergoing invasive cardiovascular procedures at nine Italian hospitals over a one month observation period. By multivariate analysis, the independent predictors of RAC choice were having the procedure performed: (1) at a high procedural volume centre; and (2) by an operator who performs a high volume of radial procedures; clinical variables played no statistically significant role. RAC failure was predicted independently by (1) a lower operator propensity to use RAC; and (2) the presence of obstructive peripheral artery disease. A 10-fold lower rate of RAC failure was observed among operators who perform RAC for > 85% of their personal caseload than among those who use RAC < 25% of the time (3.8% vs. 33.0%, respectively); by receiver operator characteristic (ROC) analysis, no threshold value for operator RAC volume predicted RAC failure.

CONCLUSIONS: A routine RAC in all-comers is superior to a selective strategy in terms of feasibility and success rate.

EuroIntervention. 2010 Jun;6(2):240-6.